Below are the denominations of Ancient Greek coins: The sub-obol coins are named Tritartemorion, Hemiobol, Trimitartemorion, Tetartemorion, and Hemitartemorion, the latter of which weighing just .09 grams. CoinWeek does not buy or sell coins or numismatic material and No endorsement or affiliation to or from CoinWeek.com is made. 275-225 BC. / HAT beneath hound sleeping right. King Mithradates VI of Pontus dated his coins according to the “Bosporan Era”, which began in 297 BCE. A Dictionary of Ancient Greek Coins. Click here for a list of Reference Abbreviations. These identifiers are very important in contemporary coin collecting as a “Metapontion” in place of a “Larisa” could mean a difference of thousands of dollars. Here we find more gold coins produced on a larger scale than was previously known. London (1986), Pennington, Paul. Realized CHF 220 (about $223 USD; estimate CHF 75). But similar to finding a Honus Wagner baseball card or a ceramic Meiji dish, collectors of ancient Greek coins are always on the lookout for the rarities, such as a Julius Caesar or Alexander the Great. There were usually no spaces between words. MODERN AMERICAN COINS are required by law to include quite a lot of text. Follow us on social media for unmissable posts and updates…. The profile of a living king on one side of a coin and his coat of arms on the other became common. Ancient Hellenic, Hellenistic and city-state coins from across the Ancient Greek world, including Bosporus Kings, Macedonia, Thrace, Thessaly, Boeotia, and Sicily issues. Below are the weights of Ancient Greek coins: Ancient Greek coins were valued in “drachmae” (meaning “handful”) and “obols” (meaning "spit" or "rotisserie"). Roman. Your email address will not be published.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greek_alphabet,  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nestor’s_Cup_(Pithekoussai). Koine Greek, thought to be close to the speech of the common people, was the language of the New Testament, often taught today for Bible studies. Wonderful database with lots of tremendous images. 2.04 g. Pegasos flying left, koppa below. Stingray right, value mark ooo below. Head of Silenus facing, with animal's ears, archaic L in right field. Cambridge, MA (1989), Hartman, John and George Macdonald. Hatria, Picenum, Aes Grave (Quincunx), 59 mm, 187 g. ca. ); Vecchi 244; Sydenham, Aes Grave, 193; Haeberlin 76; BMC -. Text: Image: BMC 80cf: Cyrene, Cyrenaica AR Tetradrachm. Since we don’t think that’s fair, we set up this site to let you in on them. Some of the bigger city-states were striking expanded lines of gold and silver coins, the majority of them embellished with their patron goddess or god on the obverse side and some particular emblem of the city on the reverse. TENSOR LIGHT - used by many numismatists to examine and grade coins. The inscription on this coin, BASILISSAS FILISTIDOS, in the “genitive” (possessive) case means “of queen Philistis”. Corinth Stater circa 345-307, AR 21 mm, 8.04 g. Pegasus flying l.; below, [koppa]. The current British 10 pence coin bears 22 characters on the obverse and just eight (spelling out the denomination: “TEN PENCE”) on the reverse. The clearest definition I HAVE seen to identify a Greek coin. Born in New York City, he lives in Fairfax, Virginia. We also see an increased use of inscriptions during this period and in rare cases, visual puns and inside jokes, as is the case of the "rose" struck onto the coins of Rhodes, the Greek word for which is "rhodon". As far as I know, no other ancient coins refer to themselves as if they were talking. GREEK AND PROVINCIAL COIN CITIES. On Harlan Berk’s list of the 100 Greatest Ancient Coins, this type is #3 (Berk, 44). Select the City or King in the appropriate dropdown list, then click GO or select from the regular list sorted according to region, below. Create an account to take advantage of wishlists, guides, and more…. This commonly appears in the dating formula of Roman provincial coins. Rooster or cock standing left, value mark oo to left. The earliest inscription on a Greek coin dates from about 600 BCE on an electrum stater (about 14 grams) of Ephesus in Asia Minor. There are many excellent textbooks for collectors interested in a deeper dive into the ancient language, I found Learn Ancient Greek (1998) particularly enjoyable. And certainly, thanks for your effort! / HAT beneath hound sleeping right. The bountiful silver supply at the Laurion mines was used in this period to make the ancient Greek coins of the Attic standard. 321-280 BC. Opening hours: 9:30 AM - 6:00 PM, Monday-Saturday, Tel: +44 (0)20 7930 6879 Fax: +44 (0)20 7930 9450, A. H. Baldwin & Sons Ltd 399 Strand, London, WC2R 0LX. Ancient Coin Collecting 101. Perhaps one reason for the comparatively small interest in Greek coins in the country is the difficulty of understanding their inscriptions. A slim pamphlet published in 1964, How to Read Greek Coins, is a helpful reference for beginners with no knowledge of Greek. Coins are classic collectable items that offer the opportunity to own a piece of history. While we are used to seeing a king, queen, president or prime minister on our modern day coins, the ancient Greeks would open a fist full of ancient Greek coins and see the deity most associated with their city, or “polis”. Coins Main PageGreek Coins by City or RulerSearch All Entries. Seleukos I Nikatôr (became king in 312 BC) 280-261 BC. 275-225 BC. 1-3 only. 27 mm, 27 g. Large H. / Large A Σ. HN Italy 17 corr (letters on rev. The popular and interesting Athenian owl tetradrachms, can be found in the Athens subcategory. 275-225 BC. This, of course, meant that not only were traders disseminating existing Greek coins across this massive area, but the newer kingdoms were striking their own coinage. By the time of around 550 BC, the coinage methodology had become more advanced and the making of silver and gold coins became somewhat easier. Somehow the engraver managed to make all 60 letters fit! Allowing for gold and silver coins to be forged and then traded in the free market, King Croesus developed the double metal standard of this time. by Gens. / HAT (upside down) above dolphin right. The obverse inscription is TIBEPIOV KAICAPOC (“of Tiberius Caesar”). Corinth, AR drachm, ca. The famous “owl” coins of Athens bear just three letters AθE abbreviating Athenaion “the Athenians”. Impressive pieces of art in their own right, coins were a way for the city-states of ancient Greece to show off their culture and artistic talents. Some city names may be spelled differently (e.g. One very famous and sought after coin is one that was produced in Knossos bearing a labyrinth and the great mythical Minotaur.
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